Career and Technical Education in Michigan: Access and Participation

Thursday, Jan 30, 2020
Authors
Brian Jacob and Jeremy Guardiola
Key Findings
  1. Approximately half of all Michigan students enroll in at least one CTE course during high school. Business, marketing, and health sciences are the most popular programs.

  2. Female, Black, Hispanic, and economically disadvantaged students are less likely to participate in CTE. These gaps are smaller among students who attend the same high school, suggesting disparities in opportunity rather than student demand drive statewide participation gaps.

  3. More than 500,000 skilled trades jobs are expected to become available in Michigan through 2026, primarily in construction, manufacturing, healthcare, automotive technology, and information technology. While many CTE programs align with these high-demand fields, some exhibit low participation and completion rates.

CTE aims to equip students with knowledge and skills to thrive in the workforce.” Page 2

Grow Detroit’s Young Talent: Multi-Cohort Analysis and Completion Rates

Wednesday, Jan 15, 2020
Authors
Brian Jacob and Jeremy Guardiola
Key Findings
  1. In the years following participation, GDYT youth from the 2015, 2016, and 2017 cohorts are somewhat more likely to be enrolled in school, take the SAT, and graduate from high school compared to non-participating applicants; they are also less likely to be chronically absent. Though modest in size, these differences are statistically significant.
  2. Three-quarters of 2017 GDYT youth completed their work commitments by working at least 102 hours. The remaining 25% of youth exhibit higher rates of baseline chronic absenteeism and are more likely to be older and male. Note that youth may not complete for positive reasons (e.g. starting college, participating in sports camp).
  3. Youth who complete GDYT outperform those who work but do not complete across our academic outcomes. We must interpret these results carefully, however, as we know youth who do and do not complete their work commitments differ in a number of important ways before they ever participate in GDYT (see Finding #2).
GDYT aims to both set individual participants on stable career pathways and propel the broader city's continued economic resurgence.” Page 2

MyVoice: Youth Perspectives on Barriers to College

Thursday, Dec 19, 2019
Authors
Robin Jacob, Jasmina Camo-Biogradlija, and A. Foster
Key Findings
  1. Although cost is the most widely cited barrier, young people report many other barriers to college.
  2. Mental health challenges are a significant barrier for many students.
  3. Policy makers should attend to more than just the affordability of college when seeking to increase college access and success.
28% of the students who identify as nonbinary or transgender and 14% of female respondents indicated that mental health was a barrier to attending college compared to only 2% of men.” Page 5

Chronic Absenteeism: An old problem in search of new answers

Friday, Mar 1, 2019
Authors
Brian Jacob and Kelly Lovett
Key Findings
  1. Chronic absenteeism, which is defined as missing 10 percent of school days or more, is a growing concern for educators across the US.
  2. Absenteeism is associated with lower academic achievement and higher risk of dropping out of school.
  3. Some interventions to reduce absenteeism have shown promise, but they have primarily focused on specific populations and/or have produced relatively small improvements. It is likely that substantial improvement will require more substantial investments.
In 2013-14, roughly 14 percent of students nationwide were chronically absent.” Page 2

Using Best-Practice Research to Inform Program Revision in Juvenile Justice

Friday, Mar 1, 2019
Authors
Robin Jacob and A. Foster
Key Findings
Current opinion polling indicates that the policy swing away from harsh punishment has popular support. While some Americans feel that court-involved youth should be punished, the majority opinion is that “getting juvenile offenders the treatment, counseling, and supervision they need to make it less likely that they will commit another crime” is more important than “serious
punishments.”
Getting juvenile offenders the treatment, counseling, and supervision they need to make it less likely that they will commit another crime.” Page 2

Child Maltreatment and Academic Performance

Saturday, Jun 2, 2018
Authors
Brian A. Jacob and Joseph Ryan
Key Findings
  1. Approximately 18% of Michigan third graders have been formally investigated by Child Protective Services (CPS) for possible exposure to maltreatment.
  2. Across Michigan, some student groups are more likely to be investigated by CPS for suspected child maltreatment.
  3. Early childhood maltreatment is associated with signifcantly lower academic outcomes, even after we control for school, neighborhood, race, and other key demographics.
  4. Referral rates vary dramatically across districts, and even across schools within the same district. It is not unusual for one-third of students in high-poverty schools to have been investigated for abuse or neglect.
  5. While poorer school districts have higher rates of maltreatment investigations, there are important exceptions to this pattern.
On average, approximately 18% of third grade students have been subject to at least one formal investigation for child maltreatment. ” Page 2

Grow Detroit's Young Talent

Monday, Apr 2, 2018
Authors
Brian A. Jacob, Kelly Lovett and Max Gross
Key Findings
  1. Roughly 15 percent of eligible Detroit youth apply to participate in Grow Detroit’s Young Talent, the city’s summer youth employment program.
  2. Applicants come from slightly more advantaged neighborhoods and schools, and Black and female youth are more likely to apply than others.
  3. Two years after participation, GDYT youth are more likely to remain enrolled in school, less likely to be chronically absent, more likely to take the SAT, and more likely to graduate high school.
  4. The benefits of participation are largest for youth who enter high school with the weakest academic skills.
In Detroit, 22 percent of youth ages 16 to 24 are not in school and not working.” Page 2