How Access to CTE Varies Across Michigan Schools and Students

Brian A. Jacob, Jeremy Guardiola
Key Findings:
  1. Economically disadvantaged, Black, and Hispanic students have less overall access to CTE and are less likely to attend schools with at least one CTE program.
  2. Total program availability (i.e., in-school and via travel) is greater for all demographic groups in districts with CTE-designated property taxes (millages) and these districts exhibit smaller socioeconomic and racial gaps in CTE access.
  3. CTE participation and completion rates are significantly higher in schools with CTE programs.
We find that schools enrolling higher shares of economically disadvantaged, Black, and Hispanic students are less likely to offer CTE programs.” Page 8